Stem cells are biological cells found in all multicellular organisms, that can transform into cells of various tissues such as muscles or nerves and can self-renew to produce more stem cells. In adult organisms, stem cells act as a repair system for the body, replenishing adult tissues. Due to these characteristics stem cells can be used to treat deadly diseases like cancer.
Banaras Hindu University (BHU) is all set to establish a first-of-its-kind Stem Cell Research and Bone Marrow Transplantation Centre of Uttar Pradesh.
The state-of-the-art centre will facilitate research on both stem cells and bone marrow transplants and is expected to open new avenues of treatment for life-threatening ailments like cancer, cardiovascular and auto-immune disease in the state.
It will be a centralised facility where researchers from other life sciences departments as well as Indian Institute of Technology-BHU will be able to carry out research.
Stem cell treatments is already been given to various orthopaedic and ophthalmology cases. However, the culture of the stem cells needs to be done under sterilised conditions. Patients with stem cell therapy cannot be given antibiotics. Hence, the centre will be an entry-restricted zone with HEPA filters to filter out any bacteria with the help of high and low pressure rooms.